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Equality Impact Assessments

Equality Impact Assessments (EIAs)

What are Equality Impact Assessments?

  •  A tool used in evidence based policy or decision making;
  • It ensures equality analysis is carried out as required by law (Equality Act 2010);
  • EIAs ensure that new or revised policies, processes, strategies, business cases, projects and decisions are inclusive to all;
  • They assess the actual or likely effect of policies/decisions, etc. on ‘Protected Characteristics’ or other groups;
  • EIAs look for opportunities to promote equality and good relations between groups;
  • They ensure that any negative (or adverse) impact is removed or clearly justified and appropriately mitigated for.

WHAT is being assessed and WHEN?

WHAT: A list of Protected Characteristics, i.e. characteristics protected by law, include: 

  • Age, Disability, Gender reassignment, Marriage & Civil Partnership, Pregnancy and maternity, Race (includes ethnic or national origins), Religion or Belief (include non-belief), Sex (meaning gender) and Sexual orientation;
  • Other areas include Human Rights and Carers. Further vulnerable or socio-economic relevant groups may also be included in EIAs.

WHEN: EIAs should be carried out as early on as possible in any policy, strategy, business case, project, or decision development process to ensure inclusively at the start.

WHY – Benefits of EIAs

  • Considers how to best advance equality, eliminate discrimination and promote good relations;
  • Help us to make better decisions based on the principles of fairness and equality;
  • Ensures services and policies are inclusive and accessible to everyone;
  • Helps us to develop a better understanding of the community we serve;
  • Helps to identify best practice and improvements to services and functions;
  • Removes and works towards resolving any potential disadvantage to any group.